Texas meets Native California: A Pine Needle Pomo Coiled Basket

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A pine needle basket stitched in a traditional Pomo stitch coiled basket style. Materials: artificial sinew thread, 16″ long-leaf pine (Pinus palustris) dried pine needles, and  embellished with turkey feather. Constructed by Emily Moskal

This coil and stitch were Pomo Indians of Northern California. The use of pine needles in indigenous basketry is debated, but by the early 1900’s, pine needle use in basketry was widespread in the central to southeastern United States. The regional preference and delay is likely attributed to the longer (time-efficient) needles of the southeastern United States and the relative lack of durability of pine needles compared to baskets made from redbud and willows, for example. Pine needles were rarely, if ever, used by California Indians, but here you can see how the two traditional styles mesh and compliment each other very well. The lesson is clear: pick and choose the best attributes from different cultures, melt them together and you get one beautiful and unique pot.


Coil: Long leaf (Pinus palustris) partially dried (sage-green color) 16″ pine needles

Stitch: Artifical sinew– sinew was used by Natives and was thread or cord made from tendons

Embellishment: Turkey feathers


Hand-made baskets make great intergenerational gifts. They will last lifetimes, spun with love.